SUBJUNCTIVE MODE OF THE PRESENT

BETA ACTIVITIES

NOUN PHRASE AS A SUBJECT

OF VERBS LIKE "INTERESTS"


Recall that the subjunctive forms are strongly associated with subordinate clauses, one sentence embedded into another.

A sentence embedded into another sentence can act as the subject:

· SOMETHING interests me.

· THAT YOU WORK IN TECHNOLOGY interests me.

· SOMETHING pleases me.

· THAT MY STUDENTS WRITE WELL pleases me.

Note that, in English, if the embedded sentence is the subject, we usually move it to the end, and we have to insert a 'filler' subject in front:

· (IT) interests me THAT YOU WORK IN TECHNOLOGY.

· (IT) pleases me THAT MY STUDENTS WRITE WELL.

In this kind of sentence in Spanish, the subjunctive mode (i.e., the subjunctive way) is almost always (perhaps always?) used in the subordinate clause (the embedded sentence):

· ALGO me interesa.

· QUE TÚ TRABAJES EN LA TECNOLOGÍA me interesa. (not "trabajas")

· ALGO me impresiona.

· QUE HABLES RUSO me impresiona. (not "hablas")

This is a very subtle change in the verb form, and most native Spanish speakers do it without even realizing it.

Here is a list of 50 verbs like "interests":



aburre bores duele hurts, pains
afecta affects encanta enchants
aflige afflicts enfada, enoja angers, maddens
agobia overwhelms entretiene entertains, amuses
agrada pleases, gratifies espanta frightens, scares
alarma alarms fascina fascinates
alegra gladdens frustra frustrates
alienta encourages gratifica rewards
anima encourages, cheers, enlivens, excites gusta pleases
apasiona empassions hiere hurts, injures
asombra amazes, astonishes, astounds impresiona impresses
asusta scares, frightens inspira inspires
aterroriza terrifies insulta insults
calma calms interesa interests
cansa tires irrita irritates
cautiva captivates lastima hurts, injures
complace pleases, satisfies lesiona hurts, injures
confunde confuses, confounds maravilla amazes, astonishes, astounds
conmueve moves, touches (emotionally) molesta bothers, annoys (not molests)
conviene suits, is convenient motiva motivates
daña harms preocupa preoccupies, worries
deleita delights repugna appalls
desalienta discourages satisface satisfies
desconcierta disconcerts, puzzles, baffles sorprende surprises
disgusta displeases (not disgusts) tranquiliza calms, reassures
dieverte entertains, amuses trastorna upsets, unsettles


Possible exceptions may include verbs of informing and telling:

· SOMETHING informs me about my grades.

· THAT YOU SEND E-MAILS informs me about my grades.

· SOMETHING tells us about her motivation.

· THAT SHE STUDIES A LOT tells us about her motivation.

REGULAR FORMS


SPELL IT - SUBJUNCTIVE!

REGULAR GROUP #1

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching regular present tense subjunctive mode

SPELL IT - SUBJUNCTIVE!

REGULAR GROUP #2

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching regular present tense subjunctive mode

IRREGULAR FORMS


SPELL IT - SUBJUNCTIVE!

IRREGULAR PRACTICE SET #1

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching regular present tense subjunctive mode

SPELL IT - SUBJUNCTIVE!

IRREGULAR PRACTICE SET #2

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching regular present tense subjunctive mode

SPELL IT - SUBJUNCTIVE!

IRREGULAR PRACTICE SET #3

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching regular present tense subjunctive mode