SUBJUNCTIVE MODE OF THE PRESENT

BETA ACTIVITIES

IRREGULAR FORMS - INTRODUCTION


If one of the indicative present-tense forms is irregular, all the subjunctive present-tense forms are usually irregular in the same way.

These always follow the green pattern.

Because this is such a reliable correspondence, the majority of textbooks mistakenly categorize the subjunctive forms as regular. However, it makes no sense to call a form "regular" if it shares an irregular spelling pattern! Obviously, the irregular forms of the indicative and the subjunctive are irregular in the same way.



SUBJECTINDICATIVE WAYSUBJUNCTIVE WAY
élsalesalga
ellossalensalgan
salessalgas
yosalgosalga
nosotrossalimossalgamos

However, there are two verbs that have an irregular indicative form that have completely regular subjunctive forms. In other words, you might expect the subjunctive forms to be irregular, but they aren't.

These both follow the blue pattern.

Recall that the subjunctive form of "da" and "doy" is "dé", with a written accent to distinguish it visually from the preposition "de". The other subjunctive forms don't have written accents: "den", "des", and "demos".



SUBJECTINDICATIVE WAYSUBJUNCTIVE WAY
éldadé
ellosdanden
dasdes
yodoydé
nosotrosdamosdemos


SUBJECTINDICATIVE WAYSUBJUNCTIVE WAY
élestáesté
ellosestánestén
estásestés
yoestoyesté
nosotrosestamosestemos

The subjunctive forms of four verbs must simply be memorized:

These all follow the green pattern.



SUBJECTINDICATIVE WAYSUBJUNCTIVE WAY
élsabesepa
ellossabensepan
sabessepas
yosepa
nosotrossabemossepamos


SUBJECTINDICATIVE WAYSUBJUNCTIVE WAY
élessea
ellossonsean
eresseas
yosoysea
nosotrossomosseamos


SUBJECTINDICATIVE WAYSUBJUNCTIVE WAY
élvavaya
ellosvanvayan
vasvayas
yovoyvaya
nosotrosvamosvayamos


SUBJECTINDICATIVE WAYSUBJUNCTIVE WAY
impersonalhayhaya
élhahaya
elloshanhayan
hashayas
yohehaya
nosotroshemoshayamos

The subjunctive present-tense forms of verbs following the blue pattern (whose infinitive ending is "-ar") are always regular, even when there is an irregular indicative present-tense form ("doy" and "estoy").

INTRODUCTION & OVERVIEW


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intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching irregular present tense subjunctive mode

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intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching irregular present tense subjunctive mode

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intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching irregular present tense subjunctive mode