tiempos verbales

going | verbs | introduction | group 3 | facilexico vocabulary


Going - Group 3

Introduction

learn how to express: walks, runs, jogs, crawls, hops, bicycles, drives, flies

Make sure to SAY every answer in Spanish before you click it.


Introduction to Vocabulary

MATCH IT

spanish vocabulary transitive verbs intelengua

TRY A PAST TENSE:

TRY THE FUTURE OR CONDITIONAL:

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Practice With Prepositional Phrases and Places

Places around Town

SPELL IT - Present - Basic Singular Forms

spanish vocabulary transitive verbs intelengua

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SPELL IT - Present - All Forms

spanish vocabulary transitive verbs intelengua

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going | verbs | introduction | group 2 | facilexico vocabulary


Going - Group 2

Introduction

learn how to express: stays, leaves/exits (comes/goes out), enters (comes/goes in), arrives (gets to a place), returns (comes/goes back), passes

Make sure to SAY every answer in Spanish before you click it.


Introduction to Vocabulary

MATCH IT

spanish vocabulary transitive verbs intelengua

TRY A PAST TENSE:

TRY THE FUTURE OR CONDITIONAL:

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Practice With Prepositional Phrases and Places

Places around Town

SPELL IT - Present - Basic Singular Forms

spanish vocabulary transitive verbs intelengua

TRY WITH OTHER VOCABULARY:

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SPELL IT - Present - All Forms

spanish vocabulary transitive verbs intelengua

TRY WITH OTHER VOCABULARY:

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verbolocidad subjunctive beta 02


SUBJUNCTIVE MODE OF THE PRESENT

BETA ACTIVITIES

IRREGULAR FORMS - INTRODUCTION


If one of the indicative present-tense forms is irregular, all the subjunctive present-tense forms are usually irregular in the same way.

These always follow the green pattern.

Because this is such a reliable correspondence, the majority of textbooks mistakenly categorize the subjunctive forms as regular. However, it makes no sense to call a form "regular" if it shares an irregular spelling pattern! Obviously, the irregular forms of the indicative and the subjunctive are irregular in the same way.



SUBJECTINDICATIVE WAYSUBJUNCTIVE WAY
élsalesalga
ellossalensalgan
salessalgas
yosalgosalga
nosotrossalimossalgamos

However, there are two verbs that have an irregular indicative form that have completely regular subjunctive forms. In other words, you might expect the subjunctive forms to be irregular, but they aren't.

These both follow the blue pattern.

Recall that the subjunctive form of "da" and "doy" is "dé", with a written accent to distinguish it visually from the preposition "de". The other subjunctive forms don't have written accents: "den", "des", and "demos".



SUBJECTINDICATIVE WAYSUBJUNCTIVE WAY
éldadé
ellosdanden
dasdes
yodoydé
nosotrosdamosdemos


SUBJECTINDICATIVE WAYSUBJUNCTIVE WAY
élestáesté
ellosestánestén
estásestés
yoestoyesté
nosotrosestamosestemos

The subjunctive forms of four verbs must simply be memorized:

These all follow the green pattern.



SUBJECTINDICATIVE WAYSUBJUNCTIVE WAY
élsabesepa
ellossabensepan
sabessepas
yosepa
nosotrossabemossepamos


SUBJECTINDICATIVE WAYSUBJUNCTIVE WAY
élessea
ellossonsean
eresseas
yosoysea
nosotrossomosseamos


SUBJECTINDICATIVE WAYSUBJUNCTIVE WAY
élvavaya
ellosvanvayan
vasvayas
yovoyvaya
nosotrosvamosvayamos


SUBJECTINDICATIVE WAYSUBJUNCTIVE WAY
impersonalhayhaya
élhahaya
elloshanhayan
hashayas
yohehaya
nosotroshemoshayamos

The subjunctive present-tense forms of verbs following the blue pattern (whose infinitive ending is "-ar") are always regular, even when there is an irregular indicative present-tense form ("doy" and "estoy").

INTRODUCTION & OVERVIEW


MATCH IT - SINGULAR

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching irregular present tense subjunctive mode

MATCH IT - ALL FORMS

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching irregular present tense subjunctive mode

REVIEW FOR MASTERY


SPELL IT - GROUP #1

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching irregular present tense subjunctive mode

SPELL IT - GROUP #2

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching irregular present tense subjunctive mode

SPELL IT - GROUP #3

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching irregular present tense subjunctive mode

SPELL IT - REVIEW

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching irregular present tense subjunctive mode

verbs like gustar | indirect objects | other uses | facilexico vocabulary


Verbs like "gusta" - With Indirect Objects

pleases, interests, enchants, fascinates, satisfies, displeases, bothers/annoys, confuses, bores, aches/hurts


MINI-LESSON

Reflexive & Non-reflexive Indirect-Object Pronouns

This vocabulary includes verbs like "gusta" ("pleases").

These are verbs that always use a direct object in English ("Something pleases him") but usually use an indirect object in Spanish ("Algo le gusta").

With these verbs in Spanish, the indirect object is the first and only object of the verb, something that never happens in English. In Spanish, note that most of these verbs can also be used with direct objects for a slight difference in meaning, a nuance that is hard to explain.

Another verb that follows this pattern in Spanish is "importa", which in English is expressed with an object of a preposition: "eso me importa" expresses "that matters to me.

There are many other verbs in Spanish that follow this indirect-object pattern that require very different wording/structures in English: "queda", "sobra", "falta", etc.

Also remember that the Spanish objects "me/te/nos/se" can be either direct or indirect. In other words, in these four cases, the direct-object pronouns and the indirect-object pronouns are spelled exactly the same.

Make sure to SAY every answer in Spanish before you click it.


With Indirect-object Pronouns

MATCH IT

spanish vocabulary transitive verbs intelengua

TRY A PAST TENSE:

was     did     has     had

TRY THE FUTURE OR CONDITIONAL:

will     would

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With Indirect-object Pronouns and Pronoun 'Tags'

MATCH IT

spanish vocabulary transitive verbs intelengua

TRY A PAST TENSE:

was     did     has     had

TRY THE FUTURE OR CONDITIONAL:

will     would

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weather | adjectives with ser | facilexico vocabulary


Weather

Adjectives with ser - It's a windy day.

You should already know the weather adjectives from the previous lesson.

Look for related verbs, adjectives, and nouns:

· verbs - it rains, it snows

· adjectives - rainy day, snowy day

· nouns - the rain, the snow

Make sure to SAY every answer in Spanish before you click it.

Vocabulary Detour


Units of Time

morning, afternoon, night/evening, early morning, day, week, month, season, year

MATCH IT

spanish vocabulary transitive verbs intelengua

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Part 1


Adjectives to Describe Units of Time

cold, cool/fresh, warm/hot, clear, cloudy, sunny, windy, snowy

SPELL IT - A SUNNY DAY!

This activity is designed to include sound files, but they aren't ready!

In Spanish, determining adjectives like "this..." and "several..." come before the noun (just like in English), but descriptive adjectives like "windy" and "sunny" usually come after.

The cursor starts before the noun, and after typing the determining adjective, you have to press the space bar twice to move the cursor behind. Then you can type descriptive adjective.

Also note: since these two-word answers are unusually long, it will only make you re-do the answer once. However, the second time the "next" key will be disabled!

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Part 2


The Verb "Being" ser

is, was, will be, would be, has been, had been, etc.

MATCH IT - IT IS A SUNNY DAY

These sentences use forms of the verb "es" (instead of "está").

Make sure to read the notes on the first screen of practice.

spanish vocabulary transitive verbs intelengua

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