simple present

going | verbs | introduction | group 3 | facilexico vocabulary


Going - Group 3

Introduction

learn how to express: walks, runs, jogs, crawls, hops, bicycles, drives, flies

Make sure to SAY every answer in Spanish before you click it.


Introduction to Vocabulary

MATCH IT

spanish vocabulary transitive verbs intelengua

TRY A PAST TENSE:

TRY THE FUTURE OR CONDITIONAL:

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Practice With Prepositional Phrases and Places

Places around Town

SPELL IT - Present - Basic Singular Forms

spanish vocabulary transitive verbs intelengua

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SPELL IT - Present - All Forms

spanish vocabulary transitive verbs intelengua

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going | verbs | introduction | group 2 | facilexico vocabulary


Going - Group 2

Introduction

learn how to express: stays, leaves/exits (comes/goes out), enters (comes/goes in), arrives (gets to a place), returns (comes/goes back), passes

Make sure to SAY every answer in Spanish before you click it.


Introduction to Vocabulary

MATCH IT

spanish vocabulary transitive verbs intelengua

TRY A PAST TENSE:

TRY THE FUTURE OR CONDITIONAL:

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Practice With Prepositional Phrases and Places

Places around Town

SPELL IT - Present - Basic Singular Forms

spanish vocabulary transitive verbs intelengua

TRY WITH OTHER VOCABULARY:

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SPELL IT - Present - All Forms

spanish vocabulary transitive verbs intelengua

TRY WITH OTHER VOCABULARY:

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going | verbs | introduction | group 1 | facilexico vocabulary


Going - Group 1

Introduction

learn how to express: goes there, comes here, goes/comes up, goes/comes down, goes/comes in, goes/comes out

Make sure to SAY every answer in Spanish before you click it.


Introduction to Vocabulary

MATCH IT

spanish vocabulary transitive verbs intelengua

TRY A PAST TENSE:

TRY THE FUTURE OR CONDITIONAL:

[display-frx-data id=21675 filter=limited]


Practice With Prepositional Phrases and Places

Rooms of the House

SPELL IT - Present - Basic Singular Forms

spanish vocabulary transitive verbs intelengua

TRY WITH OTHER VOCABULARY:

[display-frx-data id=21680 filter=limited]

SPELL IT - Present - All Forms

spanish vocabulary transitive verbs intelengua

TRY WITH OTHER VOCABULARY:

[display-frx-data id=21681 filter=limited]

verbolocidad subjunctive beta 04


SUBJUNCTIVE MODE OF THE PRESENT

BETA ACTIVITIES

NOUN PHRASE AS A SUBJECT

OF VERBS LIKE "INTERESTS"


Recall that the subjunctive forms are strongly associated with subordinate clauses, one sentence embedded into another.

A sentence embedded into another sentence can act as the subject:

· SOMETHING interests me.

· THAT YOU WORK IN TECHNOLOGY interests me.

· SOMETHING pleases me.

· THAT MY STUDENTS WRITE WELL pleases me.

Note that, in English, if the embedded sentence is the subject, we usually move it to the end, and we have to insert a 'filler' subject in front:

· (IT) interests me THAT YOU WORK IN TECHNOLOGY.

· (IT) pleases me THAT MY STUDENTS WRITE WELL.

In this kind of sentence in Spanish, the subjunctive mode (i.e., the subjunctive way) is almost always (perhaps always?) used in the subordinate clause (the embedded sentence):

· ALGO me interesa.

· QUE TÚ TRABAJES EN LA TECNOLOGÍA me interesa. (not "trabajas")

· ALGO me impresiona.

· QUE HABLES RUSO me impresiona. (not "hablas")

This is a very subtle change in the verb form, and most native Spanish speakers do it without even realizing it.

Here is a list of 50 verbs like "interests":



aburre bores duele hurts, pains
afecta affects encanta enchants
aflige afflicts enfada, enoja angers, maddens
agobia overwhelms entretiene entertains, amuses
agrada pleases, gratifies espanta frightens, scares
alarma alarms fascina fascinates
alegra gladdens frustra frustrates
alienta encourages gratifica rewards
anima encourages, cheers, enlivens, excites gusta pleases
apasiona empassions hiere hurts, injures
asombra amazes, astonishes, astounds impresiona impresses
asusta scares, frightens inspira inspires
aterroriza terrifies insulta insults
calma calms interesa interests
cansa tires irrita irritates
cautiva captivates lastima hurts, injures
complace pleases, satisfies lesiona hurts, injures
confunde confuses, confounds maravilla amazes, astonishes, astounds
conmueve moves, touches (emotionally) molesta bothers, annoys (not molests)
conviene suits, is convenient motiva motivates
daña harms preocupa preoccupies, worries
deleita delights repugna appalls
desalienta discourages satisface satisfies
desconcierta disconcerts, puzzles, baffles sorprende surprises
disgusta displeases (not disgusts) tranquiliza calms, reassures
dieverte entertains, amuses trastorna upsets, unsettles


Possible exceptions may include verbs of informing and telling:

· SOMETHING informs me about my grades.

· THAT YOU SEND E-MAILS informs me about my grades.

· SOMETHING tells us about her motivation.

· THAT SHE STUDIES A LOT tells us about her motivation.

REGULAR FORMS


SPELL IT - SUBJUNCTIVE!

REGULAR GROUP #1

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching regular present tense subjunctive mode

SPELL IT - SUBJUNCTIVE!

REGULAR GROUP #2

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching regular present tense subjunctive mode

IRREGULAR FORMS


SPELL IT - SUBJUNCTIVE!

IRREGULAR PRACTICE SET #1

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching regular present tense subjunctive mode

SPELL IT - SUBJUNCTIVE!

IRREGULAR PRACTICE SET #2

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching regular present tense subjunctive mode

SPELL IT - SUBJUNCTIVE!

IRREGULAR PRACTICE SET #3

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching regular present tense subjunctive mode

verbolocidad subjunctive beta 03


SUBJUNCTIVE MODE OF THE PRESENT

BETA ACTIVITIES

NOUN PHRASE AS A SUBJECT OF VERBS LIKE "IS"


Recall that the subjunctive forms are strongly associated with subordinate clauses, one sentence embedded into another.

A sentence embedded into another sentence can act as the subject:

· SOMETHING is typical.

· THAT WE EAT IN THE CAFETERIA is typical.

· SOMETHING sounds interesting.

· THAT YOU ARE VISITING THE MUSEUM doesn't sound interesting.

Note that, in English, if the embedded sentence is the subject, we usually move it to the end, and we have to insert a 'filler' subject in front:

· (IT) is typical THAT WE EAT IN THE CAFETERIA.

· (IT) doesn't sound interesting THAT YOU ARE VISITING THE MUSEUM.

In this kind of sentence in Spanish, the subjunctive way is usually used in the subordinate clause, in other words, in the embedded sentence:

· ALGO es típico.

· QUE COMAMOS EN LA CAFETERÍA es típico. (not "comemos")

· ALGO no suena interesante.

· QUE UDS. VISITEN EL MUSEO no suena interesante. (not "visitan")

This is a very subtle change in the verb form, and most native Spanish speakers do it without even realizing it.

The most common linking verbs are: es/está (is), suena (sounds), parece (appears/looks/seems).

In sentences like these, the basic exceptions are explicit affirmations of truth, certainty, undeniability, and clarity/obviousness:

· ALGO es cierto.

· QUE COMEMOS EN LA CAFETERÍA es cierto. (not "comamos")

Using the actual adjective that asserts truth, certainty, etc. is the key. An assertion may be true, certain, undeniable, etc., and still require the subjunctive:

· Es cierto QUE LOS CUBANOS HABLAN ESPAÑOL.

· Es normal QUE LOS CUBANOS HABLEN ESPAÑOL.

This list of basic exceptions is relatively short, and of course there are more, but not many: cierto, verdadero, correcto, seguro, claro, obvio, evidente, patente (evident, clear), visible, perceptible, real, innegable (undeniable), indiscutible, incuestionable, indudable, inequívoco.

Note that "verdadero" is the adjective "true", and "(la) verdad" is the corresponding noun "(the) truth". They both affirm truth and both require the indicative.

The word "seguro" can mean "sure/definite" and also "safe". If it means "sure/definite", the subordinate clause should use the indicative (since it is an explicit affirmation of truth). But if it means "safe", the subordinate clause should use the subjunctive.

The word "correcto" can mean "correct = true" and also "correct = appropriate". If it expresses "true", the subordinate clause should use the indicative (since it is an explicit affirmation of truth). But if it expresses "appropriate", the subordinate clause should use the subjunctive.

Negation of the truth, certainty, etc., requires the subjunctive:

· ALGO no es evidente.

· QUE TÚ COMPRENDAS no es evidente. (not "comprendes")

Watch out for negative expressions that affirm truth, such as "no es falso" and "no es negable" (negatable = deniable), which affirm truth and certainty. These are actually logical, but also tricky:

· Es falso QUE ESTUDIES CÁLCULO.

· No es falso QUE ESTUDIAS CÁLCULO.

CHOOSE IT - INDICATIVE OR SUBJUNCTIVE?

REGULAR GROUP #1

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching regular present tense subjunctive mode

CHOOSE IT - INDICATIVE OR SUBJUNCTIVE?

REGULAR GROUP #2

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching regular present tense subjunctive mode

IRREGULAR FORMS


CHOOSE IT - INDICATIVE OR SUBJUNCTIVE?

IRREGULAR GROUP #1

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching regular present tense subjunctive mode

CHOOSE IT - INDICATIVE OR SUBJUNCTIVE?

IRREGULAR GROUP #2

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching regular present tense subjunctive mode

CHOOSE IT - INDICATIVE OR SUBJUNCTIVE?

IRREGULAR GROUP #3

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching regular present tense subjunctive mode

verbolocidad root variations beta 01


ROOT VARIATIONS

BETA ACTIVITIES

BUILD IT - BLUE - E & IE (INTRODUCTION)

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching irregular present tense subjunctive mode

BUILD IT - BLUE - O & UE (INTRODUCTION)

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching irregular present tense subjunctive mode

BUILD IT - BLUE - E & IE (REVIEW)

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching irregular present tense subjunctive mode

BUILD IT - BLUE - O & UE (REVIEW)

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching irregular present tense subjunctive mode

MATCH IT - BLUE (REVIEW)

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching irregular present tense subjunctive mode