indicative mode

going | verbs | introduction | group 3 | facilexico vocabulary


Going - Group 3

Introduction

learn how to express: walks, runs, jogs, crawls, hops, bicycles, drives, flies

Make sure to SAY every answer in Spanish before you click it.


Introduction to Vocabulary

MATCH IT

spanish vocabulary transitive verbs intelengua

TRY A PAST TENSE:

TRY THE FUTURE OR CONDITIONAL:

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Practice With Prepositional Phrases and Places

Places around Town

SPELL IT - Present - Basic Singular Forms

spanish vocabulary transitive verbs intelengua

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SPELL IT - Present - All Forms

spanish vocabulary transitive verbs intelengua

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going | verbs | introduction | group 2 | facilexico vocabulary


Going - Group 2

Introduction

learn how to express: stays, leaves/exits (comes/goes out), enters (comes/goes in), arrives (gets to a place), returns (comes/goes back), passes

Make sure to SAY every answer in Spanish before you click it.


Introduction to Vocabulary

MATCH IT

spanish vocabulary transitive verbs intelengua

TRY A PAST TENSE:

TRY THE FUTURE OR CONDITIONAL:

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Practice With Prepositional Phrases and Places

Places around Town

SPELL IT - Present - Basic Singular Forms

spanish vocabulary transitive verbs intelengua

TRY WITH OTHER VOCABULARY:

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SPELL IT - Present - All Forms

spanish vocabulary transitive verbs intelengua

TRY WITH OTHER VOCABULARY:

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going | verbs | introduction | group 1 | facilexico vocabulary


Going - Group 1

Introduction

learn how to express: goes there, comes here, goes/comes up, goes/comes down, goes/comes in, goes/comes out

Make sure to SAY every answer in Spanish before you click it.


Introduction to Vocabulary

MATCH IT

spanish vocabulary transitive verbs intelengua

TRY A PAST TENSE:

TRY THE FUTURE OR CONDITIONAL:

[display-frx-data id=21675 filter=limited]


Practice With Prepositional Phrases and Places

Rooms of the House

SPELL IT - Present - Basic Singular Forms

spanish vocabulary transitive verbs intelengua

TRY WITH OTHER VOCABULARY:

[display-frx-data id=21680 filter=limited]

SPELL IT - Present - All Forms

spanish vocabulary transitive verbs intelengua

TRY WITH OTHER VOCABULARY:

[display-frx-data id=21681 filter=limited]

verbolocidad subjunctive beta 03


SUBJUNCTIVE MODE OF THE PRESENT

BETA ACTIVITIES

NOUN PHRASE AS A SUBJECT OF VERBS LIKE "IS"


Recall that the subjunctive forms are strongly associated with subordinate clauses, one sentence embedded into another.

A sentence embedded into another sentence can act as the subject:

· SOMETHING is typical.

· THAT WE EAT IN THE CAFETERIA is typical.

· SOMETHING sounds interesting.

· THAT YOU ARE VISITING THE MUSEUM doesn't sound interesting.

Note that, in English, if the embedded sentence is the subject, we usually move it to the end, and we have to insert a 'filler' subject in front:

· (IT) is typical THAT WE EAT IN THE CAFETERIA.

· (IT) doesn't sound interesting THAT YOU ARE VISITING THE MUSEUM.

In this kind of sentence in Spanish, the subjunctive way is usually used in the subordinate clause, in other words, in the embedded sentence:

· ALGO es típico.

· QUE COMAMOS EN LA CAFETERÍA es típico. (not "comemos")

· ALGO no suena interesante.

· QUE UDS. VISITEN EL MUSEO no suena interesante. (not "visitan")

This is a very subtle change in the verb form, and most native Spanish speakers do it without even realizing it.

The most common linking verbs are: es/está (is), suena (sounds), parece (appears/looks/seems).

In sentences like these, the basic exceptions are explicit affirmations of truth, certainty, undeniability, and clarity/obviousness:

· ALGO es cierto.

· QUE COMEMOS EN LA CAFETERÍA es cierto. (not "comamos")

Using the actual adjective that asserts truth, certainty, etc. is the key. An assertion may be true, certain, undeniable, etc., and still require the subjunctive:

· Es cierto QUE LOS CUBANOS HABLAN ESPAÑOL.

· Es normal QUE LOS CUBANOS HABLEN ESPAÑOL.

This list of basic exceptions is relatively short, and of course there are more, but not many: cierto, verdadero, correcto, seguro, claro, obvio, evidente, patente (evident, clear), visible, perceptible, real, innegable (undeniable), indiscutible, incuestionable, indudable, inequívoco.

Note that "verdadero" is the adjective "true", and "(la) verdad" is the corresponding noun "(the) truth". They both affirm truth and both require the indicative.

The word "seguro" can mean "sure/definite" and also "safe". If it means "sure/definite", the subordinate clause should use the indicative (since it is an explicit affirmation of truth). But if it means "safe", the subordinate clause should use the subjunctive.

The word "correcto" can mean "correct = true" and also "correct = appropriate". If it expresses "true", the subordinate clause should use the indicative (since it is an explicit affirmation of truth). But if it expresses "appropriate", the subordinate clause should use the subjunctive.

Negation of the truth, certainty, etc., requires the subjunctive:

· ALGO no es evidente.

· QUE TÚ COMPRENDAS no es evidente. (not "comprendes")

Watch out for negative expressions that affirm truth, such as "no es falso" and "no es negable" (negatable = deniable), which affirm truth and certainty. These are actually logical, but also tricky:

· Es falso QUE ESTUDIES CÁLCULO.

· No es falso QUE ESTUDIAS CÁLCULO.

CHOOSE IT - INDICATIVE OR SUBJUNCTIVE?

REGULAR GROUP #1

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching regular present tense subjunctive mode

CHOOSE IT - INDICATIVE OR SUBJUNCTIVE?

REGULAR GROUP #2

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching regular present tense subjunctive mode

IRREGULAR FORMS


CHOOSE IT - INDICATIVE OR SUBJUNCTIVE?

IRREGULAR GROUP #1

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching regular present tense subjunctive mode

CHOOSE IT - INDICATIVE OR SUBJUNCTIVE?

IRREGULAR GROUP #2

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching regular present tense subjunctive mode

CHOOSE IT - INDICATIVE OR SUBJUNCTIVE?

IRREGULAR GROUP #3

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching regular present tense subjunctive mode

verbolocidad subjunctive beta 02


SUBJUNCTIVE MODE OF THE PRESENT

BETA ACTIVITIES

IRREGULAR FORMS - INTRODUCTION


If one of the indicative present-tense forms is irregular, all the subjunctive present-tense forms are usually irregular in the same way.

These always follow the green pattern.

Because this is such a reliable correspondence, the majority of textbooks mistakenly categorize the subjunctive forms as regular. However, it makes no sense to call a form "regular" if it shares an irregular spelling pattern! Obviously, the irregular forms of the indicative and the subjunctive are irregular in the same way.



SUBJECTINDICATIVE WAYSUBJUNCTIVE WAY
élsalesalga
ellossalensalgan
salessalgas
yosalgosalga
nosotrossalimossalgamos

However, there are two verbs that have an irregular indicative form that have completely regular subjunctive forms. In other words, you might expect the subjunctive forms to be irregular, but they aren't.

These both follow the blue pattern.

Recall that the subjunctive form of "da" and "doy" is "dé", with a written accent to distinguish it visually from the preposition "de". The other subjunctive forms don't have written accents: "den", "des", and "demos".



SUBJECTINDICATIVE WAYSUBJUNCTIVE WAY
éldadé
ellosdanden
dasdes
yodoydé
nosotrosdamosdemos


SUBJECTINDICATIVE WAYSUBJUNCTIVE WAY
élestáesté
ellosestánestén
estásestés
yoestoyesté
nosotrosestamosestemos

The subjunctive forms of four verbs must simply be memorized:

These all follow the green pattern.



SUBJECTINDICATIVE WAYSUBJUNCTIVE WAY
élsabesepa
ellossabensepan
sabessepas
yosepa
nosotrossabemossepamos


SUBJECTINDICATIVE WAYSUBJUNCTIVE WAY
élessea
ellossonsean
eresseas
yosoysea
nosotrossomosseamos


SUBJECTINDICATIVE WAYSUBJUNCTIVE WAY
élvavaya
ellosvanvayan
vasvayas
yovoyvaya
nosotrosvamosvayamos


SUBJECTINDICATIVE WAYSUBJUNCTIVE WAY
impersonalhayhaya
élhahaya
elloshanhayan
hashayas
yohehaya
nosotroshemoshayamos

The subjunctive present-tense forms of verbs following the blue pattern (whose infinitive ending is "-ar") are always regular, even when there is an irregular indicative present-tense form ("doy" and "estoy").

INTRODUCTION & OVERVIEW


MATCH IT - SINGULAR

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching irregular present tense subjunctive mode

MATCH IT - ALL FORMS

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching irregular present tense subjunctive mode

REVIEW FOR MASTERY


SPELL IT - GROUP #1

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching irregular present tense subjunctive mode

SPELL IT - GROUP #2

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching irregular present tense subjunctive mode

SPELL IT - GROUP #3

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching irregular present tense subjunctive mode

SPELL IT - REVIEW

intelengua spanish verb conjugation practice app matching irregular present tense subjunctive mode